On visits to New York City, Chomsky continued to frequent the office of Yiddish anarchist journal Freie Arbeiter Stimme , becoming enamored with the ideas of contributor Rudolf Rocker , whose work introduced him to the link between anarchism and classical liberalism .  Other political thinkers whose work Chomsky read included the anarchist Diego Abad de Santillán , democratic socialists George Orwell , Bertrand Russell , and Dwight Macdonald , and works by Marxists Karl Liebknecht , Karl Korsch , and Rosa Luxemburg .  His readings convinced him of the desirability of an anarcho-syndicalist society, and he became fascinated by the anarcho-syndicalist communes set up during the Spanish Civil War , which were documented in Orwell's Homage to Catalonia (1938).  He avidly read leftist journal politics , remarking that it "answered to and developed" his interest in anarchism,  as well as the periodical Living Marxism , published by council communist Paul Mattick . Although rejecting its Marxist basis, Chomsky was heavily influenced by council communism, voraciously reading articles in Living Marxism written by Antonie Pannekoek .  He was also greatly interested in the Marlenite ideas of the Leninist League , an anti-Stalinist Marxist–Leninist group, sharing their views that the Second World War was orchestrated by Western capitalists and the Soviet Union's " state capitalists " to crush Europe's proletariat.