Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Theoretically, we can analyze social stratification from three major perspectives. Structural functionalists argue that social stratification is beneficial for a society, while a conflict theorist would argue that, rather than benefiting society as a whole, stratification provides some people with advantages over others. Finally, a symbolic interactionist would analyze how social stratification helps us see patterns of social inequality in our everyday lives.
The job outlook for teachers over the next decade is strong due to several factors, including a large number of teachers expected to retire in the coming years and a stronger emphasis from state and federal governments on improving student achievement. Teachers with qualifications in high-needs areas such as mathematics, science, and English as a Second Language will be in strongest demand. For more information on the job outlook for teachers and administrators, including a state-by-state guide to the best states to be a teacher, see our careers page .