Journal of Consciousness Studies 2(3):200-19, 1995. Reprinted in (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & , eds.) Toward a Science of Consciousness (MIT Press, 1996). Reprinted in J. Shear (ed.) Explaining Consciousness: The Hard Problem (MIT Press, 1997). Reprinted in J. Heil (ed.) Philosophy of Mind: A Guide and Anthology (Oxford University Press, 2003). Reprinted without attribution in (J. Vacca, ed) The World’s 20 Greatest Unsolved Problems (Prentice-Hall, 2004). Reprinted in (R. Carter) Exploring Consciousness (University of California Press, 2002). Reprinted in (M. Eckert, ed) Theories of Mind: Introductory Readings (Rowman and Littlefield). Reprinted (as “The Hard Problem of Consciousness” and “Naturalistic Dualism”) in (M. Velmans and S. Schneider, eds) The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness (Blackwell, 2007). This is the paper where I introduced the “hard problem” of consciousness. I distinguish between the easy problems and the hard problem, and I argue that the hard problem eludes conventional methods of explanation. I argue that we need a new form of nonreductive explanation, and make some moves toward a detailed nonreductive theory. This paper was based on a talk I gave at the 1994 Tucson conference on consciousness (see the video ), and appeared in 1995 as part of a special issue of the Journal of Consciousness Studies . [pdf] [html] [philpapers]
David Zahle is a Partner at BIG and has been Project and Design Architect for many of BIG’s award-winning and built projects. David’s most recently completed project is the Danish Maritime Museum, a museum designed around an abandoned dry dock next to a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Helsingør, Denmark. His collaboration with Bjarke Ingels began in 2002 with the VM Residences; in the same year, as a project leader he won the competition for the Helsingør Psychiatric Hospital which he followed through to its completion in 2006. David oversees the design of many prominent cultural and mixed-use projects including Kistefos Museum, a new art gallery and sculpture park in Norway, Västerås Travel Center in Sweden, and the Amager Resource Centre, a new Waste-toEnergy Plant with an innovative roof doubling as a ski slope, Panda House, Berlin Towers and Cloud City in Aalborg. David lectures in Denmark and abroad about BIG’s works and methods. He is also host of the program series ’Mesterlige ombygninger’, or ‘Masterful conversions’ on Denmark’s TV2. Since the start of 2015 David has been responsible for Business Development of BIG’s office in Copenhagen.