The Dixie Chicks are not the only progressive voices being boycotted on country music stations. Bruce Springsteen’s newest album is not being played on my US-based radio channels, even though “The Boss” is one of America’s favorite singers because Clear Channel and its ilk brook no criticism of the current administration and its policies. Like Pete Seeger and the Weavers decades ago, artists are often forced to suffer blacklisting when a repressive administration is in power. It’s shameful that in America in the 21st century so many music outlets are still adhering to Ari Fleischer’s un-American and anti-democratic admonition to “be careful what you say.”
Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.